Numerous crops are produced every day in agriculture; many of them are meant to be used as animal feed, while many others end up on human tables. We are discussing grains and legumes, two essential components of a balanced diet. These items need a treatment that is always necessary but maybe not well-known to everyone: drying. An agricultural drier is the finest and most practical response to this demand. What is it? Why, therefore, ought every farmer and farm to make use of it?
The word "agricultural dryer" refers to a particular device used to dry different kinds of crops, particularly grains and legumes. Grain dryers are a need for every farmer and farm of any size since drying is a necessary treatment for the storage and sale of these goods. The dryer is necessary after harvesting to enable storage of the grain that would otherwise go bad, wasting the effort put forth from seeding to ripening in a matter of hours or days. This is similar to how the combine harvester is required to collect the cereal from the field.
The two primary types of dryers are tower dryers, which are bigger and may be integrated into storage systems, and mobile dryers, which are smaller and easier to carry. The head and drying cylinder are the two primary components of an agricultural drier. The cylinder is the container for the product to dry and has a number of parts, including the base cylinder for the cereal, the plenum chamber for even heat diffusion, the loading hopper for convenient loading from a shovel or a trailer, the unloading head, and the central auger for recirculating the product.
The head, on the other hand, uses either direct flame or indirect flame and has three major parts: the combustion chamber, the burner (which generates the heat required for drying), and the electrical panel, which may be either extremely basic or sophisticated and has an automation system and a remote control.
Cereal is dried in an agricultural drier to remove extra moisture. Drying is the process of partially separating water from grain, which is a porous substance made up of sugars, lipids, proteins, and mineral salts. Water is eliminated by evaporation; as a result of the partial pressure differential between the air around the product and its surface, water molecules are transported from the cereal to the air.
The dryers are intended to be multi-crop solutions, making them appropriate for a variety of crops (including wheat, rice, corn, rapeseed, barley, soybeans, and more). Four steps make up an agricultural dryer's operational cycle: loading, drying, cooling, and discharge.
There is a significant difference between tower dryers and mobile dryers: tower dryers operate in a continuous cycle, continuously extracting the cereal from the dryer's base, drying it, and then cooling it. Mobile dryers perform a discontinuous cycle drying, in which the volume of product to be dried is loaded into the dryer and completely discharged at the end of the drying and cooling phases.
Using the agricultural dryer is crucial since it enables you to reap several advantages. One of the most crucial steps in the entire cereal production process is drying, which is done to get the grain ready for long-term storage. The processes of aging, fermentation, and the generation of toxins and microtoxins are slowed down, but all the enzymes and nutritious components of the grain are retained.
Because grains may be dried, they can also be kept for a long time in storage, thereby reducing the risks associated with poor harvests or unfavorable climatic circumstances. Nutritionally speaking, the advantage is clear: cereal that has been dried is a safer and more nutrient-dense diet, and this process does not detract from its original quality. Last but not least, using a drier for agriculture enables you to boost output and, subsequently, earnings.
Due to their unique structural differences, tower dryers and mobile dryers both offer advantages over the other. The demands of small and medium-sized manufacturers are met by a mobile dryer, which is portable and provides flexibility and variety without compromising strength and efficacy. The tower dryer, on the other hand, has a modest physical footprint in the layout and mechanically processes vast amounts of cereal at a time.